Diabetes is a metabolism disorder that affects either your body’s ability to produce insulin or how it uses the insulin when produced. People with diabetes have a lot of glucose in their blood, a state that’s often referred to as high blood sugar. There are three main types of diabetes:
· Type 1 diabetes: When the pancreas fails to produce insulin.
· Type 2 diabetes: The pancreas produces little insulin or resists the insulin produced.
· Gestational diabetes: When the body resists insulin generated by the pancreas.
Type1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas, the part of the body that usually produces the insulin hormone fails to do so, having been destroyed by the immune system. The result is that your body won’t have enough blood sugar to get to other parts of the body in need of glucose to function.This type of diabetes is often referred to as “juvenile diabetes” since it mostly affects children and teenagers, and it accounts for about 10% of all diabetes cases. General symptoms of type1 diabetes are Frequent urination, sweating, fatigue, unusual hunger, blurry vision, and thirst. But what causes type1 diabetes?
Over the years, extensive research has discovered that genes hereditarily passed from a person to the next within the same biological line have a high chance of determining whether or not you develop type1 diabetes. The Human Leukocyte Antigens(HLA) are the primary risk genes faulted with the cause of this kind of diabetes, and as a result, children under 12 years are more likely to get type1 diabetes from their mothers than fathers. However, it is worth noting that chances of your inheriting type1 diabetes from your family member is only at 10%.
The presence of a viral infection in your system can also trigger type1 diabetes. When your body gets attacked by a virus, your immune system will produce antibodies that fight this disease. These antibodies are produced by T cells, but if your body has the same antigen as the beta cells then the white blood cells known as T cells attack, fight, and destroy the beta cells, this blocks your pancreas’ ability to make insulin, and the body acquires type1 diabetes. Viruses such as mumps and measles are known to have this kind of effect on the body.
Toxins, viruses, and foods together with other environmental factors have a part to play in the development of type1 diabetes. For instance, there are studies that suggest that infants that are breastfed have a lower chance of developing the disease as compared with those that feed on cow’s milk. Other theories suggest that type1 diabetes cases are more prevalent in some regions as compared to others. Europeans and Americans with European roots are allegedly more prone to type1 diabetes than their African and Asian counterparts.
This type of diabetes is responsible for about 90% of diabetes cases in the world. It takes root when the pancreas either fails to produce enough insulin for it to maintain an average blood sugar level or when the body becomes resistant to the insulin produced. It is often diagnosed in adults over 40 years of age, although this isn’t always the case, and is also widely known by the term: adult- onset diabetes. The main risk factors for type2 diabetes are genetics, body weight, Age, and
Being obese increases your risk of developing type2 diabetes. When you have a body mass index(BMI) of 30 and above, especially with belly fat, you are also placed at a high risk since excess cholesterol directly affects your body’s metabolism. Apart from the risk of type2 diabetes, being overweight equally increases your chances of some serious ailments such as stroke, cancer, and heart disease. Regular exercise and eating a balanced diet can reduce your body weight by 5% and eventually minimize the risk of diabetes by over 50%.
Genetics is also a major cause of diabetes. You stand a high chance of inheriting type2 diabetes from your parents if they’ve suffered the same condition.
The risk of you developing type2 diabetes gets better with age, probably because the older you get, the less likely it is that you’ll do any form of physical exercise, increasing your chances of gaining weight. People over the age of 40 are most likely to develop type2 diabetes, and as a result, the best way to beat this would be to make sure you eat healthily and exercise regularly.
Studies have shown that black Africans, Asians, Chinese, and African-Caribbeans stand a high chance of developing type2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes takes root when the body becomes resistant to insulin and is prevalent during pregnancy. Although most gestational diabetes cases go away after childbirth, you are likely to develop type2 diabetes after that. Let’s look at its causes.
In this case, the placenta produces hormones that are insulin-resistant, causing the pancreas to become unable to produce insulin, thus, resulting in gestational diabetes.
When you gain weight excessively during your pregnancy term, then you predispose your body to gestational diabetes.
Having a family history of any form of diabetes, or a prior childbirth to a baby that weighed over 9 pounds will also increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Other types of diabetes
Another form of diabetes is Prediabetes. This condition causes your blood sugar to go higher than normal, although not high enough for the diagnosis of fully fledged diabetes. If you have prediabetes, then you need to take precautions by eating right and exercising, because chances of you getting type2 diabetes are high.
Although there is no definite way to keep diabetes off your system, if you eat a regularly balanced diet, exercise often, and keep your weight in check, then you just might succeed to make sure your body isn’t left prone to this life-threatening condition.